On December 25, 2018, sponsored by China Chamber of Commerce for International Economic Cooperation, China International Investment Promotion Association and China Private Culture Industry Chamber of Commerce, Beijing Jianyi Investment Development (Group) Co., Ltd. hosted 2018 (4th) China International Capacity Cooperation Forum Successfully held in the lecture hall on the third floor of the National Federation of Industry and Commerce.
Wang Qiang, deputy director of the Western Development Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, China International Investment Promotion Association, executive vice president, former director of the Investment Promotion Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce, Liu Zuozhang, director of the Ministry of Commerce, Zhang Guoqing, director of the China Private Cultural Industry Chamber of Commerce, Chen Jianguo, and Sri Lankan Minister in China Mr. Sanjiwa, Vice President of China Private Economy International Cooperation Chamber of Commerce, Chairman of Beijing Jianyi Investment Development (Group) Co., Ltd. Zhang Ming, Research Institute of Commerce, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China Credit Insurance, Nankai University, Hengtong Group, China Railway Leaders and experts of Hong Kong and member companies of the three-party organizers, representatives of the Chamber of Commerce of the National Federation of Industry and Commerce and representatives of member companies, representatives of some national business associations, and representatives of relevant institutions, units and departments engaged in international capacity cooperation, People's Daily Overseas Edition More than 200 people from over the Internet, China.com, and International Online attended the forum.
Wang Yanguo, secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the China Council for the Private Economics International Cooperation Chamber of Commerce, and Executive Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement, presided over and delivered a speech.
Wang Yanguo pointed out that the China International Capacity Cooperation Forum has been successfully held for four times this year. The first session is dedicated to the construction of an international capacity cooperation mechanism. The second session focuses on the construction of an international capacity cooperation demonstration zone. The third session focuses on private enterprises participating in the “One Belt, One Road” international capacity cooperation construction. This year, the theme of international capacity cooperation under the new situation is the theme. What is the new situation? Summing up and reviewing for 40 years, facing the next 30 years, we are at a new historical point and a new situation. President Xi’s speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up has a pertinent, realistic, image and wonderful speech. He said, "What we are in now is a ship that is more urgent in the middle of the wandering. When people get to the middle of the mountain, the road is steeper. It is harder and harder to get better and more difficult. Time.” The world’s multi-polarity is a new situation. President Xi has made generalizations and judgments on world multi-polarization, economic globalization, social informationization and cultural diversity. Among them, social informatization and cultural diversification have not changed, and economic globalization has been seriously challenged. The world's multi-polarization is extremely volatile and facing unprecedented profound changes. The world's multi-polarization has accelerated the deep adjustment of relations between major powers. Sino-US trade friction is not only the most powerful checks and balances and challenges encountered by China on the road to becoming a world power. As a result, China’s history of the past and the future, as well as the various pressures that are currently unfavourable to me in the international arena, will inevitably create dangers and opportunities for the “One Belt, One Road” international capacity cooperation, and will gradually emerge, how to prevent risks and gain profits. Safeguarding and seizing the positive opportunities will also be the new situation.
The recently concluded Central Economic Work Conference fully affirmed that under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, he adhered to the general tone of steady progress and in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, effectively responded to profound changes in the external environment and maintained economic sustainability. On the basis of healthy development and the overall stability of the society, it is also pointed out that there are problems in the current economic operation that are stable and changeable, and that there is a worry in the middle of the economy.
We hope that this forum will implement the forum of the important speech of Xi Jinping and the Central Economic Work Conference, which will celebrate the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up, and build a forum to further promote the implementation of the “One Belt, One Road” international capacity cooperation and deepen healthy development. A social organization serves Chinese-funded enterprises, especially the cooperative development forum for “going out” of private enterprises.
Chen Jianguo, vice chairman of the China Private Culture Industry Chamber of Commerce, expressed his warm welcome and sincere thanks to the China Private Culture Industry Chamber of Commerce and President Li Yanhong in his speech! He pointed out that the “Belt and Road” is a big chess game for China to participate in global governance. It is not only a huge economic project, but also means that China, as a world power, has the courage to assume the responsibility of a big country. The initiative to build the “One Belt, One Road” initiative has been proposed for five years. Co-construction and sharing, adhere to the principle that enterprises are the mainstay, green and orderly, open and balanced, mutual benefit and mutual benefit, and promote the continuous deepening of the "One Belt, One Road" cooperation. According to relevant data, as of the end of 2017, China has signed 100 “One Belt, One Road” cooperation documents with 86 countries and international organizations. Key countries and regions have achieved cooperation in various aspects such as capacity, investment, digital and Silk Road. Fruitful results. The strategic docking has been deepened, and a large number of important projects have been launched. The same “One Belt, One Road” initiative has also affected the development of the cultural industry, which has spawned the vigorous development of domestic cultural tourism, entertainment, cultural investment, Internet + culture and other formats. However, while the opening up has achieved phased results, there are also many challenges, such as the impact of changes in the international political and economic environment, trade barriers, international standards certification, capital risks for long-term operations, and so on. Today's forum will also focus on policy interpretation, experience sharing and model discussion on these topics. I hope to explore new paths and new methods for international production cooperation of private enterprises, and give direction to private entrepreneurs.
Mr. Liu Zuozhang, executive vice president of China International Investment Promotion Association, former director of the Investment Promotion Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce, and former director of the Foreign Investment Department of the Ministry of Commerce, pointed out in his speech that China’s 40 years of development is indeed an achievement, and it has already taken the lead in the international arena. The contribution of the world economy is also ranked first. In terms of foreign trade, we have also become a major foreign trade country, occupying an important position in the global economic structure and industrial chain.
"Introduction" and "going out" and international two-way investment are important contents of China's opening up to the outside world. In the past 40 years, China has used foreign capital from scratch. For the 26th consecutive year, we have ranked first among the developing countries in the world in attracting foreign investment.
In recent years, with the implementation of the “Belt and Road” construction, and with the adjustment of China's industrial structure, Chinese enterprises have shown diversified foreign investment. International production capacity cooperation has become an important content and growth highlight. China's manufacturing industry is complete, and the only UN industry classification A country with all industrial categories. The relevant industries have developed a global layout and the industrial competitive advantages have continued to increase. Therefore, the international production capacity cooperation has been vigorously promoted, and the industrial bottom gas and manufacturing capacity have been enhanced on the basis of promoting industrial cooperation in traditional areas such as infrastructure construction, energy minerals, and equipment manufacturing. Expand exchanges and cooperation in innovative fields such as information technology, intelligent manufacturing, energy conservation and environmental protection, from raw materials to processing, from technology to standards, from manufacturing to research and development, and create a global industrial chain and supply that is in an active position, complementary in advantages, and mutually beneficial and win-win. The chain and value chain have become the main trends of overseas investment by Chinese companies in the future.
He pointed out that in order to realize the State Council's "Guiding Opinions on Promoting International Capacity and Equipment Manufacturing Cooperation", we strive to basically establish a capacity cooperation mechanism with key countries in 2020, and a number of key capacity cooperation projects have made significant progress, forming a number of overseas industrial bases, forming a Enterprises that have the ability to compete abroad have a goal of significantly improving the domestic economic development and industrial transformation and upgrading, and need to do two levels of work.
First, it is market-oriented, give full play to the role of the main body of enterprises, work hard to cultivate internal strengths, cultivate professional core advantages, cooperate with developing countries with high cooperation in China's equipment production capacity, open up developing country markets, expand and go global, and enterprises need to go international. Formulate a scientific and clear strategic scale, define goals, target, prevent and control risks, comprehensively understand the legal risks of target countries, etc., conduct compliance management, fulfill social responsibilities, and create a good localized operation space. Enterprises open cooperation, promote public-private partnerships, banks and enterprises to join hands, integrate industry and finance, introduce diversified partners, build a flexible and effective community of interests, share revenue and share risks. Innovate the business operation mode, enhance the transnational business capability, form a cluster of overseas industries, and share development.
The second is to continue to play the guiding role and service function of the government and intermediary agencies. For the government, it will further highlight the strategic priorities, strengthen foreign consultations, and negotiate cooperation mechanisms with countries and regions with strategic resources to provide strong policy and legal support and financial policy support for enterprises to communicate and project, and create a good international environment. Protect the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises. We and 64 countries have to create a very good external environment. This external environment is not only beneficial to Chinese enterprises, but also a good environment for cooperation with 64 countries. This external environment includes mutual trust. The two countries, countries and international organizations are all "There is a joint declaration and other government agreements to create a good policy environment." In terms of free and convenient trade and investment environment, there are many trade departments, science and technology, and various government departments in the agricultural sector signing cooperation agreements between departments, including some free trade agreements, or technical cooperation agreements, and promoting two-way investment, or avoiding double Agreement between governments that levy taxes. Similar to these are creating a free and convenient trade and investment environment. There must also be a harmonious and friendly social environment. Why do we want cultures to communicate with each other and learn from each other to jointly enhance mutual understanding? Only then can we help the community of human destiny such as the “Belt and Road” truly realize the ideal of sharing, sharing and building together. Great initiatives can be achieved.
The Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission, Western Division Wang Qiang gave a speech on the basic situation and efforts of the “Belt and Road” since the implementation.
He pointed out that President Xi Jinping proposed a great initiative to jointly build the "Belt and Road". The proposal of the initiative conformed to the needs of the times and injected new impetus into the development of the world economy. In the past five years, we have promoted the construction of the “Belt and Road” and joined the line. We have taken roots in the vast land, and have achieved remarkable results in the vast oceans. The “One Belt, One Road” initiative has become China’s economic diplomacy. The top-level design, the general plan for opening up to the outside world, and the practical platform for building a community of human destiny. It is an important part of Xi Jinping's new era of socialist economy and diplomatic thought with Chinese characteristics.
First, policy communication, and condense international consensus. The "One Belt, One Road" initiative and its core concepts will be jointly established and written into the outcome documents of important international mechanisms such as the United Nations. As of the latest, China has signed 170 cooperation agreements with 151 countries and international organizations. It has signed capacity cooperation documents with 41 countries and signed third-party market cooperation documents with more than ten countries in France, Canada and Japan. In 2017, the first “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit was successfully held in Beijing, and 29 heads of state and government attended the high-profile. More than 1,600 delegates from more than 140 countries and more than 80 international organizations attended the conference. Of the 279 results formed by the forum, 265 have been completed or converted to normal work. 14 items are progressing in an orderly manner. The implementation rate is 95%. This year's China-Africa Cooperation Forum, 40 heads of Africa and more than 20 executives attended the meeting, fully affirming the “Belt and Road Initiative” initiative. The “Belt and Road Initiative” has been recognized and praised by most countries in the international community and has become an important public product that China provides to the world.
Second, the facilities are connected, and key projects are highlighted. Focusing on Liulang and Liulu, and multi-island and multi-port, the actual progress has been made. China-Pakistan, Zhonglang and Zhongsai have steadily advanced. Gwadar Port has operational capabilities, and many offshore pivot projects are on schedule. As of the end of October, the total number of trains in China and Europe was 11,000, and the latest data reached 12,000. In 15 countries and 45 cities, it has reached three times and two times, and the heavy box rate has reached 25%.
Third, trade is smooth, and economic and trade cooperation is expanded. Since 2013, the total amount of goods in and out of the countries along the route has accumulated more than 6 trillion US dollars, foreign direct investment exceeded 75 billion US dollars, and 82 overseas economic and trade cooperation zones have been built in the countries along the route, with a total investment of more than 29 billion US dollars, creating 244,000 locals. Jobs, more than 2 billion US dollars in tax revenue, China-Arab Capacity Cooperation Demonstration Zone, China-Egypt Suez Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone, Qingzhou Industrial Park and other production cooperation projects have been solidly promoted. From January to October this year, the total trade volume of goods with countries along the line is 10,000. Billion dollars, an increase of 19.5%. Non-financial investments in the countries along the line were US$11.9 billion, up 6.4% year-on-year, and the turnover of contracted projects in the countries along the route was 65.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.6.
Fourth, capital finance, strengthen financial support. Accelerating the overseas deployment of financial institutions, 11 Chinese banks have established 71 financial institutions, and carried out financing cooperation with a number of development banks such as the African Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. In October 2018, it signed local currency swap agreements with 21 countries along the line, reaching 992.2 billion.
5. People's hearts are connected and people's communication is close. Developed and developed a number of special projects such as peasant agricultural inspection and quarantine and standard connectivity, signed 76 bilateral cultural tourism documents with countries along the route, built 16 cultural centers in the countries along the route, and cultivated technical management in the countries along the route through the implementation of the Silk Road Scholarship Program. Talents, in 2017, the number of international students from the countries along the line reached 317,200 yuan. It is estimated that the number of two-way tourists in the 2020 and two-way cities will exceed 8,500, and tourism consumption will be 110 billion US dollars.
We will steadily expand the circle of friends, make the “Belt and Road” a peaceful road, promote the hard connection of infrastructure, pay more attention to the soft connection of rules and standards, steadily improve the level of China's internationalization, the level of internationalization of Chinese standards, and participate in the development of international standards. Strengthening economic and trade investment cooperation, opening up the “Belt and Road” as an open road, firmly establishing the concept of green development, turning the “Belt and Road” into a green road, continuing to strengthen innovation cooperation, and building the “Belt and Road” into a road of innovation. Strengthen humanities exchanges and cooperation, build the "Belt and Road" into a road of civilization, and pragmatically carry out civilized exchanges. In-depth promotion of cooperation in the fields of culture, education, ocean, sports, tourism, health, Chinese medicine, cultural protection, application, disaster prevention and mitigation, and make unremitting efforts for the commonwealth.
Zhang Guoqing, a member of the China WTO Research Association, executive director of the China International Trade Association, and former deputy director of the Political Research Office of the Ministry of Commerce, gave a speech on the important areas of "One Belt, One Road" construction.
He pointed out that China's international capacity cooperation is a pioneering undertaking of China's foreign investment and cooperation, and also an important content for a new round of high-level opening up and enhancing international competitive advantage. It relies on China's own accumulated production capacity with competitive advantages and market demand, and through international cooperation, more countries, especially developing countries and emerging economies, participate in the global industrial system and let them have their own The various elements and resource benefits are fully utilized to accelerate the process of industrialization and promote economic growth, thus creating a mutually beneficial and mutually beneficial cooperation situation between countries and countries, and carrying out capacity cooperation with the “Belt and Road” countries, with geographical, development and complementarity. The four major advantages of technology, "One Belt, One Road" international capacity cooperation should be conducive to the re-engineering of elements, conducive to the display of image, conducive to brand building, and conducive to future development. International capacity cooperation is not only China, but also international. It is necessary to find the orientation of capacity development in the international market competition, find the direction of capacity development, and explore the global development of capacity in a larger scope and broader fields. Exhausted source. China and the countries along the “Belt and Road” to carry out capacity cooperation, it is necessary to note that capacity cooperation can not be wishful thinking, capacity cooperation must also be beneficial, and capacity cooperation must guard against risks.
In the speech, Zhang Ming, President of Beijing Jianyi Investment Development (Group) Co., Ltd., shared with you the history of the development of Jianyi Group through a 30-year practice.
He pointed out that in the development of the “Belt and Road”, how the private economy should develop is a topic worthy of consideration. Seeing that a large number of private economies have gone abroad, they are all participating in the “Belt and Road” and participating in the development of the world economy. This is a very good scene. However, how to promote the private economy overseas, to go overseas, and to reduce risks, especially the integration of overseas advantages and national superiority, is worthy of our research and attention.
How to develop high quality, high standards and high level in the “Belt and Road” is something we need to face seriously. Standards and quality are an important indicator of whether we are developing, whether we are right, and whether our work is effective. How to develop, you need to find a path to technology.
He pointed out that the Internet is our strong country policy, and the industrial Internet is a booster for powering the country. In recent years, China's Internet has been in the forefront of the world. Germany has Industry 4.0, but there is no Internet. The United States has the Internet, but it lacks products. Only China has both Internet and products. As a construction industry, China's construction products can cover the whole world. The world's concept is about 40 trillion yuan in the construction industry. China has done more than 90%, and Chinese products cover almost the world. China's industrialized industry is moving toward the world. Only the industry can form a platform for the Internet, and only the platform can form a form. Every industry can form an industrial Internet. The industrial Internet will completely change the traditional production mode, change the traditional productivity and production relations, and reshape a new format. The Internet brings you empowerment, collaboration and data. When we all go abroad, we can't rely on the Corps. We must rely on network output, product output, and intelligent output to exchange huge amounts of human resources for a huge market. This is a very important concept for our private enterprises to go abroad. The platformized working mode has greatly changed the relatively backward management of the status quo of private enterprises, and the unity of technology will greatly expand the integration of technology. Only the Internet can help us achieve efficient and efficient work quickly. The Internet is not a simple sales platform. It is equipped with industrialized technology. It can integrate the resources and work abilities of all aspects in China and other regions, and realize the high integration of China's big backstage and the “Belt and Road” small front desk. The integration of the wisdom of the big backstage and the joint efforts of the small front desk will be a very good model for the development of our “Belt and Road” in the future.
The Internet is the policy of our country's powerful country. The Internet is also a very mature technology and a very mature infrastructure. In particular, the underlying technology of China's industrial Internet is very mature now. It does not require research data storage, data analysis, or research on how to build a network. It only requires you to set up enterprise management for business purposes and product system as content. Platform technology is a small closed loop of services that you can implement.
The Chinese network has been filled with the world, and the extension of the network and the interaction of the network are very simple and very convenient. Data exchange on products on the platform, if it can be carried out on the Internet, and large data collection and operation, under the intelligent conditions, is very helpful to our development, data is not there, data is intelligent, data is right or wrong, Data is only collected and multiplied. The collection of data, the energy of the data, will be our ability to demonstrate under the impetus of the Internet in the future.
The implementation of data will make our industry more expand, make our management and business more intelligent, and continue to expand through the platform's own economy and enterprise development. The construction industry uses the Internet to demonstrate its advantages. The construction industry is a very discrete industry. It uses nearly 70 to 80 industries and hundreds of thousands of products. It brings together various management companies. huge. If the construction industry implements the industrial Internet, using this model to achieve platformization and integration, it will save time and cost savings.
The Internet digital platform can not only help enterprises in the private economy, but also help the development of society. The construction industry must have its own products. Through the Internet and IT technology, we can realize industrialization. We can transform our buildings into three-dimensional models and data processes, which can be turned into products of the construction industry. Virtually built on the platform, you implement When you don't need to design, you don't need to discuss the purchase of its products, you only need to assemble the product. This product can be set up to extract all the models covering all aspects of the industry and implement the industry through the product abstraction concept. Great use of the Internet and IT technology is a deep change in the industry. It can not only move its own business, but also integrate with the enterprises you are associated with. Many affiliates will connect your data and products through platforms and images, and will directly serve users and at the same time And synergy. A digital connection is the connection between the factory and the factory, which is the connection between the product and everyone. The Industrial Internet will dramatically change the lives of everyone.
The development of the “Belt and Road” is more about culture. The “Belt and Road” is the blending of multinational cultures. It is not a cultural development, so multinational culture must be integrated into the “Belt and Road”. We integrate the culture of the industry with the culture of the world and the national culture. There is a very good platform in the cultural construction called Wikipedia, which is the best cultural fusion platform in the world. We have integrated architecture encyclopedia into wikis, and it is also a very good model for world culture development. Only in such a cultural platform that all countries can integrate, perhaps everyone does not feel the difference in national culture and will find it on a common Internet platform.
The industrial internet platform of the construction industry launched by Jianyi is an Internet efficient work platform sneaked in the “Belt and Road”. We use the platform and the industry, and the friends on the "Belt and Road", the comrades who work together in our country, we want to put such a product, such an efficient work mode dedicated to the "Belt and Road."
In the roundtable forum, chaired by Wu Qifeng, assistant secretary-general of the China Private Economy International Cooperation Chamber of Commerce, and director of the Ministry of Government Affairs, Du Qirui, deputy director of the Institute of Foreign Investment and Cooperation of the International Trade Cooperation Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, and the Global Financial Strategy Laboratory of Southwestern University of Finance and Economics. Director, Principal Investigator, Doctoral Supervisor Fang Ming, Director of China Export Credit Insurance Corporation, Senior Lecturer Wang Fuzhen, Director of Nankai Modern Management Institute, Professor Li Ya, Deputy General Manager of Hengtong Group Sun Zhonglin, Deputy General Manager of China Railway Hong Kong Investment Corporation Chen From the recent changes in international capacity cooperation and overseas investment, changes and policy changes, from 2017 to 2018, to the global systemic risk trend in 2019, the opportunities and challenges facing the current outbound situation, in the Internet capacity In terms of international expansion, the company has expressed its views on internationalization and international production cooperation cases.